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Qoun_$ _i^te\ an\ entrehreneuriad t ech nologies and mass t ravel h ave on t`e toh *-( doeektic! _rokkin_ filek low ered ent ry b arriers, mak ing it in t h e U S . T h is is t h e same percent age of Cu lt u ral and creat ive w ork ers st and ou t far easier for an individu al t o st art a w omen w ork ing in t h ese roles in 1 9 9 8 . 1 from t h e crow d, display ing fou r part icu lar creat ive or cu lt u ral b u siness, and gain Import ant issu es inclu de w omen’ s access q u alit ies: a glob al au dience and repu t at ion. t o part icipat ion in t h e cu lt u ral and • Youth: Creat ive act ivit ies cont rib u t e • High level of education: CCI w ork ers economic life of t h eir societ y , access ki_nificantly to yomt` eehloyeent& are t y pically more edu cat ed t h an t h e t o credit and invest ment capit al for In E u rope, CCI sect ors t y pically average. In B raz il, CCI w ork ers h ad t h eir proj ect s, and access t o propert y employ ed more people aged 1 5 – 2 9 1 7 % more y ears of edu cat ion t h an t h e righ t s. T h ese issu es ex ist w it h in a more y ears t h an any ot h er sect or ( 1 9 . 1 % nat ional w ork force average in 2 0 1 0 . _eneralired ket of difficmltiek t`at of t ot al employ ment in CCI vs. 1 8 . 6 % creat ors face w h en at t empt ing t o secu re in t h e rest of t h e economy ) in 2 0 1 3 . Looar\ better access ^or ooeen eq u it ab le remu nerat ion for t h eir w ork : In Cent ral and E ast ern E u rope, on to cudturad eehdoqeent respect for t h eir moral righ t s, cont ract average, y ou ng people accou nt for negot iat ion u nder condit ions of ex t reme 1 . 3 percent age point more j ob s in t h e W it h U S $ 2 , 2 5 0 b revenu es in 2 0 1 3 hooer akyeeetriek$ kecmrin_ financial creat ive economy t h an in t h e economy and 2 9 . 5 m j ob s, t h e creat ive economy b ack ing for creat ive proj ect s, and t h e as a w h ole. appears t o b e a pow erfu l development general precariou sness of lab or cont ract s • High productivity: CCI j ob s in some tool in _eneral& Eore khecifically$ it _ivek in many sect ors of t h e CCI. F or t h e sect ors cont rib u t e more t o G D P an idea of t h e sect or’ s pot ent ial t o offer vast maj orit y of w omen creat ors, t h ese t h an t h e economy - w ide average. economic opport u nit ies t o w omen. difficmltiek are aehlified ak t`ey interkect An ;`ina$ t`e file and televikion In many cou nt ries, creat ive indu st ries w it h t h e realit ies t h at w omen face w h en sect or generat ed 7 8 % more added t end t o favor t h e part icipat ion of at t empt ing t o gain access t o economic valu e per w ork er t h an t h e rest of w omen compared w it h more t radit ional part icipat ion. t h e economy in 2 0 1 1 , according t o indu st ries. S t at ist ics compiled b y t h e In many developing cou nt ries and O x ford E conomics. In S ou t h K orea, U K G overnment sh ow ed t h at w omen t ransit ion economies, w omen creat ors t`e hrodmctivity of file and televikion accou nt ed for more t h an 5 0 % of people are more lik ely t o b e fou nd in craft s w ork ers is t w ice t h e nat ional average. employ ed in t h e mu sic indu st ry in and t h e visu al art s. H ow ever, for a large • Independence and entrepreneurship: 2 0 1 4 ( vs. 4 7 % only in t h e w h ole act ive percent age of cou nt ries — part icu larly CCI h ave alw ay s b een fragment ed, and popu lat ion) . t h ose w it h w eak er int ellect u al propert y creat ion driven b y small b u sinesses H ow ever, t h is is not t h e norm for all framew ork s — t h is sect or is t h e least or individu als. M ore t h an h alf ( 5 3 % ) creat ive sect ors or j ob cat egories w it h in lik ely t o h ave a fu nct ioning sy st em of of Canadian gaming developers say t h ose sect ors. F or ex ample, in 2 0 1 4 , regist ered copy righ t s or designs, or t h ey are independent operat ors. In w omen comprised 1 7 % of all direct ors, st rong inst it u t ional su pport . T h e resu lt is t h e U S , art ist s are 3 . 5 t imes more w rit ers, produ cers, ex ecu t ive produ cers, oft en an u nreliab le sou rce of income and lik ely t o b e self- employ ed t h an U S edit ors and cinemat ograph ers w ork ing no ab ilit y t o claim at t rib u t ion w h en w ork s w ork ers overall. T h e int ernet , digit al are appropriat ed b y t h ird part ies. 1 The Celluloid Ceiling: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women on the Top 250 Films of 2014 | )0 Cultural times L`e Õrst _dobad eah o^ cudturad an\ creatine in\ustries

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